Influenza
Frequently Asked Questions


 

 

The primary goal of influenza vaccination programs is to reduce the number of serious complications, including deaths, resulting from influenza infections.

LAIV (Nasovac-S) has the potential to significantly contribute to control influenza and influenza-associated illnesses in children, adult and adolescents and elderly people with conditions like Asthma, Diabetes & Heart disease.

LAIV has significant advantages in convenience of administration. The high efficacy of LAIV compared with TIV against matched strains and drifted strains are compelling reasons to use the vaccine in children. Effectiveness of LAIV in adults has also been demonstrated.
 

  1. What is seasonal influenza (flu) ?
     
  2. How does the flu spread ?
     

  3. Who is at risk ?
     
  4. What are the complications of flu ?
     
  5. What are the different types of seasonal flu vaccines ?
     
  6. Is there any difference in the efficacy of Intranasal and injectable flu vaccines ?
     
  7. When is the best time to get flu vaccination ?
     
  8. Why should I get vaccine dose every year ?
     
  9. Can Children be vaccinated against Flu ?
     






 

 


 1. What is seasonal influenza (flu) ?
Seasonal influenza, commonly called “the flu,” is caused by influenza viruses, which infect the respiratory tract (i.e., the nose, throat, lungs). Unlike many other viral respiratory infections, such as the common cold, the flu can cause severe illness and life-threatening complications in many people. Influenza occurs globally with an annual attack rate estimated at 5%–10% in adults and 20%–30% in children.

2. How does the flu spread ?
Seasonal influenza spreads easily and can sweep through schools, nursing homes, businesses or towns. When an infected person coughs, infected droplets get into the air and another person can breathe them in and be exposed. The virus can also be spread by hands contaminated with influenza viruses. To prevent transmission, people should cover their mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing, and wash their hands regularly.

3. Who is at risk ?
All are at risk and that is fact. The risk of contracting is higher in crowded places. Therefore, individuals at high risk are:
• School children and college students.
• Office staff especially those in call centers/BPO/IT Sectors
• Hotel/Hospital staff and industrial workers.
• Those traveling frequently by public transport.

4. What are the complications of flu ?
Complications of flu can include bacterial pneumonia, ear infections, sinus infections, dehydration and worsening of congestive heart failure, asthma or diabetes. Stomach symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea and nausea can also occur but are more common in children.

5. What are the different types of seasonal flu vaccines ?
There are two types viz...Injectable and intra-nasal vaccine. The intra-nasal vaccine is given as spray into the nostrils. The intra-nasal route of administration helps avoid reactions and pain associated with injections. It also mimics the way the virus attacks and therefore offers some unique advantages. In the USA and Russia, where the intra-nasal vaccine is available, children obviously like it. Serum Institute of India is amongst the world’s leading vaccine manufactures has developed an intra-nasal live vaccine. The recommended viral strains were obtained from the WHO.

6. Is there any difference in the efficacy of Intranasal and injectable flu vaccines ?
Yes, certainly. Injectable vaccines protect only at the level of the blood by producing antibodies. While the intranasal vaccine offers protection at two levels viz the local level mucosal immunity (the nasal tract) and the blood by producing antibodies. Due to this, when the disease virus attacks it gets neutralized at its points of entry i.e. the nasal tract. If it does manage to pass the first line of defense, it gets neutralized in the blood.

If a person is protected with an injectable vaccine and the virus attacks, then the virus will enter through nose, initially multiply, infect and then its gets neutralized when it reaches the blood. The person will be protected overall but may spread the disease in the initial period.
Several studies have proved that the clinical efficacy of intranasal vaccine is superior to that of injectable vaccine.

7. When is the best time to get flu vaccination ?

Because flu season vary in length and severity, you may go for flu vaccine dose as soon as the vaccine is available and throughout the entire flu season.

8. Why should I get vaccine dose every year ?
The flu viruses are constantly changing .Generally new influenza virus strains circulate every flu season. Each Year, before flu season, the most recent circulating viruses are identified by the World Health Organization [WHO] and included in a new vaccine formula order to offer the best protection.

9. Can Children be vaccinated against Flu ?
The vaccine is known to be safe in children from 2 to 17 years of age and is not licensed for use in children younger than 2. LAIV has been approved for use in healthy adults and Elderly also (without a history of egg allergies or asthma).

 

Issued in the public interest by:
Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd.,
212/2, Hadapsar,
Pune-411028, INDIA

 



Copyright © 2016 Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd. Legal Disclaimer.